Architectural Design 5-Day

A course presented over 5 days by Robert Halligan or Alwyn Smit.

  • Summary
  • Schedule / Register
  • Course Overview
  • Course Outline

This five-day course addresses the principles and methods of designing, regardless of what is being designed. The course provides an integrated approach to the set of technical design process disciplines. These combine with technology knowledge to contribute to the satisfaction of requirements and optimization of system effectiveness, enhancing project success and reducing risk to the enterprise.

The course is strong in Model-Based Systems Engineering (MBSE) methods supported by substantial workshop activity. The course provides insight into the realities of current modeling languages and tools and the directions in which model-based design is evolving. Participants gain experience in workshop format with both functional and state-based design, and their relationship to physical design. The third major aspect of design, the basis of decision-making between feasible design alternatives (i.e., the conduct of trade-off studies) is thoroughly exercised. Trade-off studies are then integrated into a very effective three-stage approach to design optimization. The course also provides introductory, yet significant, coverage of the disciplines of reliability engineering, safety engineering, maintainability engineering and producibility engineering.

This course is recognized by Engineers Australia for CPD purposes (40 hours). This course is recognized by Engineering New Zealand for 40 CPD hours (click here for details). This course may be credited toward the maintenance of the INCOSE Certified Systems Engineering Professional (CSEP) accreditation for 40 Professional Development Units. This course is recognized by ECSA South Africa (ref. INCOSE 19/005) for CPD 5 points. This course may qualify for CPD, CLP and similar purposes with other organizations (40 instructor hours).

Upcoming Courses

Register and pay 30 days prior to the course commencement date to receive a 10% early bird discount. Or register a group of 3+ for a 10% group discount. Available for corporate training worldwide.

Asia UTC +8:00 (SGT 6:00) PPI Live-Online
23 Aug - 27 Aug 2021
Oceania UTC +10:00 (AEST 8:00) PPI Live-Online
23 Aug - 27 Aug 2021
North America UTC -4:00 (EDT 8:00) PPI Live-Online
13 Sep - 17 Sep 2021
South America UTC -3:00 (BRT 9:00) PPI Live-Online
(Only available in South America)
13 Sep - 17 Sep 2021
Europe UTC +2:00 (CEST 9:00) PPI Live-Online
20 Sep - 24 Sep 2021
United Kingdom UTC +1:00 (BST 8:00) PPI Live-Online
20 Sep - 24 Sep 2021
South Africa UTC +2:00 (SAST 9:00) PPI Live-Online
(Only available in South Africa)
20 Sep - 24 Sep 2021
Asia UTC +8:00 (SGT 5:00) PPI Live-Online
25 Oct - 29 Oct 2021
Oceania UTC +11:00 (AEDT 8:00) PPI Live-Online
25 Oct - 29 Oct 2021
North America UTC -5:00 (EST 8:00) PPI Live-Online
06 Dec - 10 Dec 2021
South America UTC -3:00 (BRT 10:00) PPI Live-Online
(Only available in South America)
06 Dec - 10 Dec 2021
Europe UTC +1:00 (CET 9:00) PPI Live-Online
13 Dec - 17 Dec 2021
United Kingdom UTC +0:00 (GMT 8:00) PPI Live-Online
13 Dec - 17 Dec 2021
South Africa UTC +2:00 (SAST 10:00) PPI Live-Online
(Only available in South Africa)
13 Dec - 17 Dec 2021

Key Learning Objectives

At the conclusion of this course, delegates are expected to have learned:

  • the overall concepts which are characteristic of a systems approach to design;
  • the overall process elements, and their relationships, that collectively constitute the process building blocks of design (verb);
  • learn a structured approach to physical design, use logical solution to help get physical design right, evaluate solution alternatives (conduct trade-off studies) and optimize design in a structured way;
  • learn in overview about the disciplines of reliability engineering, safety engineering, maintainability engineering and producibility (manufacturability) engineering;
  • how to tailor the application of design principles and methods to different application scenarios; and
  • how to design for reliability, safety, maintainability and producibility.

Training Method and Materials

The course makes extensive use of course workshops to put into practice the techniques covered in theory sessions.

The course is delivered using a mixture of formal presentation, informal discussion, and extensive workshops that exercise key aspects of a systems approach to design, using a single system throughout. The result is a high degree of learning, as evidenced by workshop work products, and the extensive commendations received from past participants.

Delegates will be provided with:

  • comprehensive course materials containing presentation material and supporting reading material;
  • numerous supplementary descriptions, checklists, forms and charts which you can put to use immediately; and
  • complimentary access to PPI's evolving Systems Engineering Goldmine.

Some Key Questions

  • What is architecture?
  • Is architecture different to design?
  • What is a systems approach to design and how is it relevant?
  • What is the relevance of waterfall development, incremental development, evolutionary development, agile, spiral development, simultaneous/concurrent engineering?
  • What is the timing relationship between logical and physical design?
  • What is logical design, and what forms can it take?
  • Why do we care about logical design?
  • What is model-based architecting? Model-based design? Are model-based and model-driven different?
  • What is object-oriented design and how does it relate?
  • What languages and tools are applicable for model-based work?
  • Where does FMEA figure?
  • Is FMECA different to FMEA?
  • What about FTA and ETA, where do they figure?
  • Are model-based techniques limited to certain technologies?
  • How can we be sure we have come up with the best design?
  • Everywhere I turn there seems to be uncertainty. How can I make design decisions in the presence of such uncertainty?
  • Is there a reliable and efficient way to optimize design?
  • How do I design for reliability?
  • How do I design for safety?
  • How do I design for maintainability?
  • How do I design for producibility?
  • What are the Skills, Knowledge and Attitudes (SKAs) conducive to success in being a designer?

Who Should Attend This Course?

This design course is designed for personnel who perform or manage the development of small to large technology-based systems, products, capabilities, etc. The course will be of particular value to people with job titles such as:

  • System Architect
  • Enterprise Architect
  • Design Engineer
  • Systems Engineer
  • Business Analyst
  • Systems Analyst
  • Software Systems Engineer
  • Software Engineer
  • Specialty Engineer - reliability, safety, maintainability, producibility
  • Hardware Engineer
  • Research Engineer
  • Project Engineer
  • Logistics Support Analysis Specialist
  • Industrial Engineer
  • Other engineering job titles
  • R and D manager
  • Engineering Manager.

0. Introduction - Architecture Design Within Systems Engineering

  • the business case for a systems approach to design
  • definition of terms
  • design interactive exercise - basic
  • systems engineering process overview - the football diagram
  • design within a systems engineering process model

1. Design-Related Principles of Engineering

  • system views
  • Workshop 1 - design-related principles 

2. Styles of System Development

  • the solution domain: key concepts, relationships, and work products
  • waterfall, incremental, evolutionary and spiral development approaches
  • Workshop 2 - solution development strategies for a product  

3. Concepts of Architecture and Detailed Design - Physical and Logical

  • physical architecture (structural view) - basic concepts
  • logical architecture - basic concepts
  • logical architecture related to physical architecture
  • useful forms of logical representation - functional, state-based, mathematical, hybrid, ... with examples
  • model-based design in practice - MBSE/MBA/MBD/MDA/MDD

4. Initial Physical Conceptualization

  • the role of technology and innovation
  • architectural design driver requirements
  • Workshop 3 - identification of architectural design driver requirements
  • techniques for stimulating innovation: brainstorming, TRIZ
  • perspiration engineering: configuration items
  • criteria for selecting configuration items
  • design complexity trade-off
  • relationship of CI definition to system integration
  • Interactive exercise - a simple physical design
  • Workshop 4 - physical conceptualization of solution

5. Functional Design

  • functional analysis in design - how to do it
    • functional analysis/architecture process
    • item flow and control flow
    • unallocatable and allocatable functions
    • pitfalls in defining functions
    • common pitfalls in functional design
    • interactive exercise - a simple functional design 
    • Workshop 5 - physical and functional design, part A
    • Workshop 5 - physical and functional design, part B
    • coupling, cohesion, connectivity
    • FMEA/FMECA in design
    • performance thread analysis
    • relationship to object orientation
    • allocation of functionality between hardware and software
  • Fault Tree Analysis
  • Event Tree Analysis
  • behaviour modeling languages
  • other languages incorporating functional modeling: SysML, ...
  • software tools supporting functional and physical design
  • pitfalls in functional design

6. State-Based Design

  • state-based design – how to do it
    • Workshop 6 – a simple state-based design
    • relationship to object orientation
  • SysML, and alternative languages incorporating state-based modeling
  • software tools supporting state-based design
  • pitfalls in state-based design

7. Object Process Methodology (OPM)

  • background to OPM
  • OPM description
  • relationship to object orientation
  • software tools supporting OPM

8. Design For Six-Sigma (DFSS)

  • what is Six-Sigma?
  • the DFSS toolset

9. Return to Physical Design

  • functional to physical allocation
  • facilities, procedures, people, and other types of system element
  • use of a specification tree
  • system elements not designated as configuration items
  • some common pitfalls in developing system physical architecture
  • use of architectural design driver requirements
  • adding the detail to the design
  • design creates requirements - the duality of requirements and design
  • interface engineering
  • interface requirements specifications versus interface design descriptions/ICDs
  • the OSI 7-Layer Model and similar in interface engineering
  • relationship to system integration
  • evolution of interfaces in systems having levels of structure
  • some common pitfalls in interface engineering
  • major artifacts created in design

10. Design Decision-Making and Optimization - Trade-Off Studies

  • designing for feasibility
  • designing for effectiveness: approach to design optimization
    • the role of MOEs and goals
    • the origin of a system effectiveness model
    • designing for the company versus designing for the customer - handling conflict of interest
  • using a system effectiveness model
    • taking account of risk relating to goals
    • taking account of risk relating to satisfaction of requirements
    • event-based uncertainty
    • risk-aversion
    • Workshop 7 - using a system effectiveness model
    • cost/capability, return on investment and like concepts
    • iterative optimization of design - an effective methodology
  • other techniques - Quality Function Deployment
  • software tools supporting design decision-making
  • some common pitfalls in design decision-making

11. Engineering Specialty Integration

  • what makes an engineering specialty special?
  • common engineering specialties
  • a generic approach to ESI
  • organizational issues of ESI
  • pitfalls, and specialty engineering examples

12. Concurrent (Simultaneous) Engineering

  • system of interest - enabling system relationships
  • why concurrent (simultaneous) engineering
  • organizational aspects of implementation
  • process aspects of implementation
  • pitfalls in implementation

13. Reliability and Safety Engineering

  • introduction to terminology
  • measures of reliability
  • probability theory related to reliability and safety
  • Reliability Block Diagrams
  • FMEA and FMECA
  • Workshop 8 - performing a basic DFMEA
  • Fault Tree Analysis and Event Tree Analysis
  • common cause/common mode failures
  • root cause analysis
  • Markov analysis
  • component failure and repair distributions
  • Monte Carlo simulation and Latin Hypercube sampling
  • reliability data and analysis
  • verification of reliability
  • measures of safety
  • Hazard and Operability (HAZOP) studies
  • safety assurance
  • Workshop 9 - performing a basic HAZOP Study

14. Maintainability Engineering

  • measures of maintainability
  • principles of designing for maintainability
  • general techniques of designing for maintainability
  • modules
  • access and handling
  • part selection
  • verification of maintainability

15. Producibility (Manufacturability) Engineering

  • measures of producibility
  • Design For Manufacture (DFM) vs. Design For Assembly (DFA)
  • techniques of designing for manufacture
  • design for 3D printing
  • techniques of designing for assembly
  • verification of producibility
  • producibility risk analysis

16. Summary and Key Points

  • action plan


Course Presenters

The trainers and consultants at Project Performance International are world leaders and renowned in their field. Learn more about our diverse team of engineers and other industry professionals.LEARN MORE

Corporate Training

PPI offers all public training courses on-site, worldwide and has a range of specialist on-site only courses. Wherever your company is based, PPI will come and upskill your engineering and project teams. LEARN MORE

COURSE DownloadS

Make an enquiry

Scroll to Top